A Tooth extraction means the removal of a tooth from the socket in the alveolar bone.
The main objective is to always try and save the tooth and prevent it from future infection with several treatments, however in some cases, it may be too damaged and beyond saving. It will then be suggested that an extraction may be required but will always be the last option.
If a tooth cannot be saved and an extraction is needed, there are several reasons why: Due to broken teeth, infections, overcrowding of teeth, decay, etc. There are two main types of dental extractions: Simple and Surgical Extractions.
The simple extraction is performed on a tooth that is intact and can be seen in the mouth. Your dentist will loosen the tooth with an instrument called the elevator. The tooth will then be removed with the forceps. Most procedures are done when you are awake and with the aid of just local anaesthetic injections. This will help you to relax during a tooth extraction.
Surgical Tooth Extractions:
The surgical tooth extraction is a more complex procedure. If the tooth cannot be seen, if it is broken at the gum or it is fragile, oral surgery is usually required. The surgeon will then perform the surgical procedure to take away the tooth. To enable the gum to heal appropriately, the gum will then need to be stitched closed. The extraction is performed using local anaesthetic injection’s and is a painless procedure.